Mobile broadband (mobilt bredbånd) is a term used to describe wireless access to the internet through the mobile phone, USB, wireless modem, tablet and portable modem. The technology was developed in the late twenty century after a magnificent progress in electromagnetic technology. The mobile broadband utilizes the radio waves to transmit the signals. They have been a distinct and great development in mobile broadband, denoted as generations. The variation from one technology to another is basically the technology used and the speed improvement in the generation. Currently there is 5 generation mobile broad band; however, it’s not yet officially approved. In case your settled line connection goes down, mobile broadband can likewise be helpful as a backup solution
This refers to the first generation of mobile communication. The technology was invented in 1979. The technology used to transmit data is analog, unlike its successors. 1G was commercialized within the shortest time possible. With time, there were several limitations noted and this prompted into an advance in technology in order to curb this challenges.
The technology was officially launched in 1991 in Finland. 2G use digital signal to transfer data thus opening room for more technological advancement. The introduction of 2G enhanced the use of other services for the first time such as SMS (short message service). More advanced data transfer such as pictures and MMS services realize were realized. Digital coding help to realize a more clear voice thus making communications more reliable. Further development in 2G technology enables the internet access speed up to 56kbit/s, hence enabling the access of some technologies such as the Wireless Application Protocol, emails, and World Wide Web.
The technology provides a higher data transfer rate of at least 200bits/s. This high speed enabled the access to more advanced services such as the fixed wireless internet access, video calls, and mobile TV technology. It uses packet switching technology where data is transfer as a packet rather than the circuit switching which was used in the 2nd generation. The speed of downloading and uploading data increased drastically. Many people wanted to access the internet, thus the need to make it more accessible through mobile broadband.
The fourth generation technology provides more advance service to the mobile broadband users. Many people, especially the business people benefits. Some of the services accessible in the fourth generation include 3D television, cloud computing, high definition mobile TV, IP telephony and video conferencing. Video conferencing is widely used today especially for people who operate a large scale business. 4G data transfer can reach its beak of 100Mbit/s thus enabling an even video streaming possible and reliable.
5G is the next major phase of broadband technology under development. The major features in the fifth generation are the improvements in the speed of up to 1GB data transfer simultaneously to many workers in the same workplace. The area coverage of the 5th generation is also expected to improve. The generation is also intended to curb the current trends in the world such as the internet of things and broadcast-like service.